Christian Dior was born in Granville, a small town in Normandy, in northern France, in 1905.
He moved to Paris with his family, in relatively young age and soon he wanted to become an architect, but he was pushed by his father to attend the studies in political science by enrolling at the Ecole des Sciences Politiques in 1925. After graduation, Dior opened an art gallery, hosting artists very famous in the Parisian scene, such as Picasso, Braque, and Jacob. But in 1931, both parents and older brother died and Dior lived a very difficult year that led him to close his art gallery. Than he began his career as fashion designer, first thanks to a job as illustrator for Figaro and then as assistant of the fashion designer Piguet. After spending time in war, he returned to Paris and worked as a tailor in the fashion house of Lucien Lelong alongside Pierre Balmain. In 1946 he opened his maison thanks to the financial support of the textile entrepreneur Marcel Boussac, a key figure in Dior’s life, and began his fashion world revolution.
In a short time he achieved fame and became one of the twentieth century icon. Dior introduced since its first collection called “Ligne Corolle” with ultra-feminine dresses, inspired by the French fashion of the late nineteenth century. Elegance and charm have always distinguished the creations of the designer, who has experienced new silhouettes and new lengths, using sophisticated and luxurious materials. The Dior woman had rounded shoulders, long flared skirts flared high eight inches from the ground, wide and flat hats, the famous corset, long gloves and high heels.
It was in opposition and contrast with Chanel style, which in those years had allowed the woman to make progress in stylistic freedom: Dior, instead, affirmed a romantic, elegant, feminine model of woman. Clothes as works of art, built and structured in every detail that only in the mid-50s saw lighter, comfortable and simple lines, in a collection called “Lily of the Valley”. Dior was the first to associate the style of accessories to the lines of clothes, selling bags, shoes, perfumes and cosmetics.
In 1957 he died in Italy, during an holiday period, due to a heart attack, and from that moment his dolphin, Yves Saint Laurent, took over the reins of the company. Later followed by Marc Bohan, who brought the birth of Miss Dior, Baby and Monsieur lines, then Gianfranco Ferrè, John Galliano in 1997 and finally Raf Simons.